The clinical spectrum of orofacial infections affecting the skin or mucous membranes of the face and oral cavity is quite diverse. Such infections may be localized and indolent, or invasive and life-threatening. These infections may be conveniently categorized as odontogenic and non-odontogenic.
Dental knowledge. An odontogenic cyst is an epithelium-filled cavity filled with fluid or tough fluid. During the embryonic period, epithelium is involved in the formation of various organs.
The goal of this chapter is to present the basis for correct diagnosis and management of severe odontogenic infections. The knowledge of the anatomy of fascial spaces is essential for the correct diagnosis and treatment of head and neck infections, because both facial and cervical fasciae work as an effective barrier against the spread of infections in this region[ 12 ]. Once these infections occur, they are often difficult to assess accurately by clinical examinations and conventional radiographic techniques, and the outcome may be serious and potentially life-threatening[ 3 ].
Email: sarbin. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Current radiography techniques have limitations in detecting subtle odontogenic anomalies or defects that can lead to dentoalveolar and facial infections.
Skip to search form Skip to main content. Helal Published Facial cellulitis is a common clinical problem in pediatric patients. It is an infection of the skin that causes pain, swelling, and redness on the face.
The odontogenic keratocyst OKC is a rare odontogenic cyst of epithelial origin. There are many types of cysts of the jaws, but what make the odontogenic keratocyst unusual are its characteristic features including its potentially aggressive behavior, high recurrence rate, and an association with the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. Odontogenic keratocysts, now reclassified as keratocystic odontogenic tumors KCOTs by the World Health Organization, are a clinical entity with a characteristic microscopic picture, kinetic growth, and biological behavior.
When odontogenic infections are not properly treated, infections may spread to distant spaces and cause more serious infections in fascial spaces, ultimately leading to deep neck infections. Clinical experience has indicated that patients with diabetes mellitus DM may be more susceptible to facial cellulitis and deep neck infections caused by odontogenic infections. To this end, this study analyzed 1 million NHIRD individual datasets fromof whichindividuals had medical treatment records.
While odontogenic infections are daily encountered in dental and oral and maxillofacial surgery practices, some practitioners may be unfamiliar with the wide range of other infections of diverse etiology, some of them relatively uncommon, or even rare. Also in hospital environment, where majority of oral and maxillofacial surgeons practice, one regularly receives requests for consultations about patients who need interdisciplinary cooperation despite the fact that their conditions primarily belong to the sphere of specializations like ENT surgery, ophthalmology, dermatology and others. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an update on such conditions and demonstrate the ways oral and maxillofacial surgeon can participate in their diagnosis and management.