Overall, the groups concluded that AOUMs, which are the only form of sexual and reproductive education in a number of U. Abstinence-only-until-marriage programs leave all young people unprepared and are particularly harmful to young people who are sexually active, who are LGBTQ, or have experienced sexual abuse. The researchers noted that the spread of AOUMs in recent years has created meaningful setbacks to the development and efficacy of HIV prevention, sex education, and family planning programs at home and worldwide.
You know how sometimes you read a headline about a scientific study and the finding is so obvious you wonder "why did they even bother? What's important here, though, is that researchers have been racking up data and evidence for decades showing that abstinence-only sex education isn't effective. It not only fails to delay the age when teens first have sex, but also fails to reduce unintended pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted infections.
As individuals and organizations committed to the First Amendment and freedom of thought, inquiry, and speech, we oppose censorship as an affront to a core constitutional principle: that government may not control what individuals read, see, hear, think, and say. While the stated goals of the program, reducing non-marital sexual activity and teen pregnancy, may appeal to some, such goals can be better achieved through educational programs that do not resort to government censorship, but respect freedom of speech and access to information. It is therefore particularly important that legislators, educators, policy-makers, parents, students and others understand the threat it poses to important First Amendment principles:.
Enjoy Unlimited Digital Access with a subscription. Updated: September 5, pm. If passed, all Colorado public schools that currently offer abstinence-only education would have to switch to offering either a state-designed comprehensive sex education curriculum or nothing at all.
The United States ranks first among developed nations in rates of both teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. In an effort to reduce these rates, the U. However, a public controversy remains over whether this investment has been successful and whether these programs should be continued.
Both abstinence and safe-sex philosophical interventions can reduce HIV risk behaviors, but safe-sex education appears to be more effective and longer-lasting with adolescents who have already had sex, according to a new study. The first randomized controlled trial comparing an abstinence intervention with a safer-sex intervention recruited African-American adolescents at three middle schools in low-income communities in Philadelphia. The results, published in the Journal of the American Medical Associationfound that both approaches to reducing HIV exposure were effective, but that safer-sex interventions curbed unprotected sexual intercourse, while abstinence did not.
Sex education has long occupied an ideological fault line in American life. Religious conservatives worry that teaching teenagers about birth control will encourage premarital sex. Liberals argue that failing to teach about it ensures more unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.
Sarah McCammon. In the U. Abstaining from sexual activity is a surefire way to prevent pregnancy and avoid sexually transmitted diseases. But programs advocating abstinence often fail to prevent young people from having sex, researchers write in the September issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.
The rates of teen pregnancy in the United States are in decline; but even so, 2 out of every teenagers in the U. Teen pregnancy, childbirth, and childrearing present major social and economic challenges for teenage parents, their children, and society as a whole. Teen mothers are more likely to have lower educational attainment, a lower income, and a greater dependency on social services.
Get involved in our campaigns and help ensure young people's health and rights. They usually censor information about contraception and condoms for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases STDs and unintended pregnancy. Abstinence-Centered Education— Another term normally used to mean abstinence-only programs.