The DNA genetic material of a developing stem cell in the bone marrow is damaged. As a result, the number of healthy blood cells red cells, white cells and platelets is usually lower than normal. Doctors don't know why some cells become hairy cells and others don't.
It depends on your individual condition, treatment and level of fitness. Statistics for this type of leukaemia are harder to estimate than for other, more common leukaemias. Some of the statistics have to be based on a small number of people.
Hairy cell leukemia HCL is an uncommon type of lymphocytic leukemia that starts in B cells, or B lymphocytes a type of white blood cell. It is called hairy cell leukemia because hair-like projections can be seen on the surface of the cancer cells when they are viewed under a microscope. It is more common in men than in women.
Home Blood cancer information Leukaemia Hairy cell leukaemia Hairy cell leukaemia treatment Side effects of hairy cell leukaemia treatment. As a general rule, while you are having treatment you will need to contact your doctor or hospital immediately if you have any of the following:. Chemotherapy kills cells that multiply quickly, such as leukaemic cells.
Hairy cell leukemia is an uncommon hematological malignancy characterized by an accumulation of abnormal B lymphocytes. Hairy cell leukemia was originally described as histiocytic leukemia, malignant reticulosis, or lymphoid myelofibrosis in publications dating back to the s. The disease was formally named leukemic reticuloendotheliosis and its characterization significantly advanced by Bertha Bouroncle and colleagues at The Ohio State University College of Medicine in
Home Blood cancer information Leukaemia Hairy cell leukaemia. Hairy cell leukaemia HCL is a rare type of chronic leukaemia of the lymphoid system, in which abnormal B-lymphocytes accumulate in the bone marrow, liver and spleen. B lymphocytes also known as B-cells are specialised white blood cells.
Hairy cell leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. This rare type of leukemia gets worse slowly or does not get worse at all. The disease is called hairy cell leukemia because the leukemia cells look "hairy" when viewed under a microscope.
HCL is caused when bone marrow makes too many B cells lymphocytesa type of white blood cell that fights infection. As the number of leukemia cells increases, fewer healthy white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets are produced. This type of leukemia gets its name from the way the cells look under the microscope—with fine fragments that make them look "hairy.
Hairy cell leukemia HCL is a rare type of blood and bone marrow cancer that affects your B lymphocytes, which are white blood cells that make antibodies to fight infections. These abnormal cells can take up the space of healthy B lymphocytes, which can weaken your immune system and make you susceptible to infections. HCL gets its name because the abnormal white blood cells look hairy under a microscope. Rare cases of hairy cell leukemia affect T lymphocytes, which are cells that help B lymphocytes fight infection.