The uterus is held in place by a group of muscles and ligaments. Several factors can contribute to the weakening of these muscles and ligaments, causing the uterus to sag. These factors include the loss of muscle tone as women age, injury due to childbirth especially women who have had many babies or large babiesobesity, chronic coughing, chronic constipation and all place added tension on the pelvic muscles.
Back to Health A to Z. Pelvic organ prolapse is when one or more of the organs in the pelvis slip down from their normal position and bulge into the vagina. A prolapse isn't life-threatening, but it can cause pain and discomfort.
Vaginal prolapse, or vaginal vault prolapse, occurs when the uppermost part of the vagina falls or sags down into the vaginal canal. When the top of the vagina drops in this manner, it not only causes the vagina to lose its shape, but it also may weaken and collapse the vaginal walls. It is possible to have part of the vagina prolapse, or protrude, from the vagina's opening.
One of the most uncomfortable—and awkward—conditions that afflicts women is pelvic organ prolapse. Normally, the pelvic organs—the bladder, uterus, vagina, and rectum—are supported and held in place by a group of muscles and tissues called the pelvic floor. When these muscles weaken over time, the pelvic organs can droop down and bulge out of the vagina. In addition to the sensation of feeling an uncomfortable bulge in the vagina, you can experience symptoms such as.
There are many different types of prolapse, including uterine, bladder and bowel prolapse. Causes of prolapse, symptoms, tests used to diagnose prolapse, and management and treatment of prolapse are discussed. Prolapse is caused by a stretching of the ligaments and muscles that support the pelvic organs, causing those organs to drop down.
This weakening allows the uterus, urethra, bladder, or rectum to droop down into the vagina. If the pelvic floor muscles weaken enough, these organs can even protrude out of the vagina. If you do have symptoms, your symptoms will depend on the organ that is prolapsed.
In vaginal prolapse the vagina stretches or expands to protrude on other organs and structures. The situation seldom involves the vagina alone. Supports for the uterus often stretch allowing it to also fall prolapse when a woman strains during a bowel movement.
A posterior vaginal prolapse, also known as a rectocele, occurs when the wall of fibrous tissue that separates the rectum from the vagina weakens. When this happens, tissues or structures just behind the vaginal wall — in this case, the rectum — can bulge into the vagina. A posterior vaginal wall prolapse occurs when the thin wall of tissue that separates the rectum from the vagina weakens, allowing the vaginal wall to bulge. Posterior vaginal prolapse is also called a rectocele REK-toe-seel.
Vaginal prolapse is a common condition where the bladder, uterus and or bowel protrudes into the vagina. This can cause symptoms such as a sensation of a vaginal lump, constipation, difficulty emptying the bowel or bladder or problems with sexual intercourse. Treatment is only recommended when the prolapse is symptomatic.
Normally, supporting ligaments and other connective tissues hold your uterus in place inside your pelvic cavity. Weakening of these supportive structures allows the uterus to slip down into the vagina. As a result, the vagina also is pulled down and may turn inside out. Doctors refer to this downward movement of the uterus as uterine prolapse.