The stage of the cancer helps you and your doctor:. Breast cancer stage is usually expressed as a number on a scale of 0 through IV — with stage 0 describing non-invasive cancers that remain within their original location and stage IV describing invasive cancers that have spread outside the breast to other parts of the body. Your pathology report will include information that is used to calculate the stage of the breast cancer — that is, whether it is limited to one area in the breast, or it has spread to healthy tissues inside the breast or to other parts of the body.
Stage refers to the extent of your cancer, such as how large the tumor is, and if it has spread. Knowing the stage of your cancer helps your doctor:. A cancer is always referred to by the stage it was given at diagnosiseven if it gets worse or spreads.
Your physicians will perform several tests on your tumor tissue to provide specific information about your individual cancer. Your pathology report is one of the resources containing information about your tumor. This report will help guide your healthcare team in planning the appropriate treatment for you.
Made with FlippingBook. The treatment goal is to shrink the cancer. This chapter explains who receives it and the treatments used. Who gets it Not all invasive breast cancers are treated with preoperative therapy.
The breast cancer TNM staging system is the most common way that doctors stage breast cancer. Your scans and tests give some information about the stage of your cancer. But your doctor might not be able to tell you the exact stage until you have surgery.
T followed by a number from 0 to 4 describes the main primary tumor's size and if it has spread to the skin or to the chest wall under the breast. This includes inflammatory breast cancer. N followed by a number from 0 to 3 indicates whether the cancer has spread to lymph nodes near the breast and, if so, how many lymph nodes are involved.
We will also be fully updating our staging articles on this site to include all the new information. Breast cancer is typically described in stagesaccording to the presence and size of the tumor and its metastasis in the axillary lymph nodesand other factors. T refers to the tumor size. For breast tumors, bigger than 2cm changes the T category.
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The system applies to epithelial malignancies and does not apply to breast sarcomasphyllodes tumoror breast lymphomas. Pathological prognostic stage applies to patients who are treated initially with surgery but not with neoadjuvant therapy. Please Note: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys.