Antibody in breast milk

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Continued breastfeeding is then recommended for at least one year, as different foods are introduced into the baby's diet 3. Breast milk contains everything the baby needs for the first six months of life, in all the right proportions. Its composition even changes according to the baby's changing needs, especially during the first month of life 4.

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The neonate is deficient in the main antibody that protects mucosal membranes, the secretory IgA. While developing this immune system the breast-fed baby is provided with 0. These antibodies which function in concert with other defense factors in milk such as lactoferrin are directed against a number of micro-organisms that threaten the neonate.

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Breastfeeding, the Immune Response, and Long-term Health. J Am Osteopath Assoc ; 4 — Breastfeeding provides unsurpassed natural nutrition to the newborn and infant.

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Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts or mammary glands of a human female to feed a child. Milk is the primary source of nutrition for newborns before they are able to eat and digest other foods; older infants and toddlers may continue to be breastfedin combination with other foods from six months of age when solid foods should be introduced. In preterm children who do not have the ability to suck during their early days of life, avoiding bottles and tubes, and use of cups to feed expressed milk and other supplements is reported to result in better breastfeeding extent and duration subsequently. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, with solids gradually being introduced around this age when signs of readiness are shown.

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A new study from the University of Pittsburgh and UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh finds that an antibody in breastmilk is necessary to prevent necrotizing enterocolitis NEC —an often deadly bacterial disease of the intestine—in preterm infants. Immunoglobulin A IgA antibodies bind to bacteria in the gut, and, according to the study, the more bacteria that's tied up with IgA, the less likely babies are to develop NEC. Since preterm infants get IgA only from mothers' milk in their fragile first weeks of life, the authors emphasize the importance of breastmilk for these babies.

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In general, it is safe for breastfeeding women to receive a vaccination should it be needed. If unsure, each mother should check with her health care provider for information about a particular vaccination. Vaccination recommendations for babies are consistent regardless of whether a baby is breastfed or not.

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T o produce breast milk, mothers melt their own body fat. Are you with me? We literally dissolve parts of ourselves, starting with gluteal-femoral fat, aka our butts, and turn it into liquid to feed our babies.

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Curious about breast-feeding beyond infancy? Know the benefits, the role breast milk plays in an older baby's diet and how to handle others' opinions on the topic. If you plan to continue breast-feeding your baby you might have questions about the process. Get the facts about breast-feeding beyond infancy.

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By Alex Mlynek Dec 5, Photo: iStock photo. Read on to discover the mind-blowing ways that breastmilk changes, from composition to colour to taste.

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These substances protect your baby against a wide variety of diseases and infections not only while he is breastfeeding but in some cases long after he has weaned. Formula cannot offer this protection. If you develop a cold while breastfeeding, for example, you are likely to pass the cold germs on to your baby—but the antibodies your body produces to fight that cold also will be passed on through your milk. These antibodies will help your infant conquer the cold germs quickly and effectively and possibly avoid developing the cold altogether.

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